Symptoms of Schizoid and Schizotypal Personality Disorders

Schizoid and Schizotypal  pic

Schizoid and Schizotypal
Image: disorders.org

As a psychiatrist at the Wyandot Center in Kansas City, Kansas, Christie Mensch offers evaluation and treatment for a wide variety of mental health challenges. Christie Mensch draws on experience in addressing personality disorders, including schizotypal and schizoid disorders.

Schizotypal and schizoid personality disorders both fall into what the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), calls Cluster A, which features eccentric or unusual behaviors that persist throughout the adult lifespan. Both lead to difficulty building and maintaining relationships, though schizoid personality disorder is more closely linked to emotional detachment.

Individuals with schizoid personality disorder show little interest in having close friends or intimate partners, and they tend to struggle with perceiving and interpreting social cues. In addition, because these individuals present with minimal emotional expression and have trouble showing pleasure or joy, they often appear cold and unfeeling to others.

Those with schizotypal personality disorder tend to spend a great deal of time alone, though this is more likely to stem from an intense and unrelenting social anxiety. A person with this condition may also experience isolation due to speech patterns, emotional responses, and beliefs that differ noticeably from societal norms. Superstitions are common among individuals with this condition, as is a tendency to disproportionately relate outside events back to the self.

Signs of Anxiety

 

Signs of Anxiety pic

Signs of Anxiety
Image: webmd.com

Dr. Christie Mensch furnishes psychiatric care at Wyandot Center in Kansas City, Kansas. Anxiety is one among many mental health conditions treated by Dr. Christie Mensch.

Patients with anxiety disorders experience an abnormal amount of worry over months or years. Sometimes, these patients’ anxiety not only fails to dissipate, but even gets worse with time. Physicians organize anxiety into several types, including “generalized anxiety disorder” (GAD) and “panic disorder” (PD).

GAD encompasses such symptoms as restlessness, irritability, feelings of muscle tension, worrying that seems out of control, and problems concentrating. PD, on the other hand, is characterized largely by an event called a “panic attack.”

Panic attacks can occur suddenly and give rise to alarming physical symptoms like shortness of breath and heart palpitations. Patients who have experienced panic attacks may be burdened by fear that they’ll happen again to the extent that they avoid locations where they’ve had such attacks in the past.

In the United States, experts estimate that 40 million patients live with anxiety disorders. Of those, about 13 million get the help they need. Anxiety is a treatable illness, and patients with anxiety symptoms can consult their physician about avenues for care.

Characteristics of Dependent Personality Disorder

 

Dependent Personality Disorder pic

Dependent Personality Disorder
Image: webmd.com

Dr. Christie Mensch serves as a psychiatrist at the Wyandot Center in Kansas City, Kansas. At the mental health center, Dr. Christie Mensch draws on experience treating patients with personality disorders.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), describes a personality disorder as a pervasive maladaptive pattern of relating that affects the way an individual perceives and interacts with others, the environment, and the self on a consistent basis across the adult lifespan. To be diagnosed with a personality disorder, the person’s experience must significantly deviate from cultural norms and must affect at least two of a group of areas that include cognition, affect regulation, social functioning, and control of impulses.

Dependent personality disorder includes conditions characterized by anxiety and fear. Persons with dependent personality disorder fear to be alone and feel incapable of caring for themselves.

Such individuals depend on others, or a single significant other, to make most major and minor decisions ranging from everyday wardrobe selections to career paths. Because people with dependent personality disorder feel so dependent on others, they avoid conflict and seek to ingratiate themselves with others.

This need to be controlled goes beyond what is typical for the person’s age and developmental stage. Adults may continue to depend on parents or seek out new relationships as soon as old relationships end so they do not have to face their fear of functioning independently in society.

Three Underrated European Cities Worth Visiting

Palmanova, Italy pic

Palmanova, Italy
Image: amusingplanet.com

As a psychiatrist at Wyandot Center, Christie Mensch evaluates and treats adults with a variety of mental health issues, including depression, personality disorders, and trauma. In her time away from work, Christie Mensch has traveled extensively in Europe.

Tourists looking to explore beyond the famous cities of Europe have plenty of options. Below are three lesser-known yet memorable European cities:

Palmanova, Italy: A fortified city, Palmanova has an unmatched medieval charm. The entire city was designed in the shape of a hexagon, and its main streets radiate out from the city square in the middle. Known as the Grand Piazza, this square houses the Duomo Dogale cathedral.

Gibraltar, Spain: This densely populated city on the coast of Spain provides visitors with a glimpse into the rich culture and history of the area. Although Gibraltar’s only official landmark is the Rock of Gibraltar, the city has been occupied since 28,000 BC, giving it a long history that even experienced travelers find awe-inspiring.

Innsbruck, Austria: Despite hosting the Winter Olympic Games twice, Innsbruck has remained in relative obscurity. Located in the Alpine mountains in Austria, the city offers visitors a number of opportunities to enjoy winter sports. Visitors can also explore historic sites, museums, and castles dotted around the colorful city.

The Zero Suicide Initiative at Wyandot Center

Wyandot Center pic

Wyandot Center
Image: wyandotcenter.org

Psychiatrist Dr. Christie Mensch works with adult patients at Wyandot Center, a mental health facility located in Kansas City, Kansas. Dr. Christie Mensch’s associates at Wyandot participate in the Zero Suicide Initiative, thanks to funding from the Health Care Foundation of Greater Kansas City. This program is part of the 2012 National Strategy for Suicide Prevention and works to prevent suicide deaths in people who are being cared for in various health care systems.

This program takes a big-picture, systemic approach to suicide prevention. It understands that practitioners require broader support and education in order to best help their patients. The Zero Suicide Initiative accordingly focuses on fostering leadership, providing training, and continually improving the level of care that practitioners offer.

At Wyandot, this training has helped practitioners. Therapists report feeling as though their efforts matter more and are more valuable to patients. The Zero Suicide Initiative has also highlighted the importance of particular skills, such as refuting harmful cognitive distortions.

New Drug May Help Prevent Depression

 Dr. Brachman pic

Dr. Brachman
Image: fastcompany.com

Dr. Christie Mensch serves as a psychiatrist at Kansas City’s Wyandot Center, where she provides outpatient services to a diverse population. Since assuming this role, Dr. Christie Mensch has treated many patients with clinical depression.

Although clinical depression is treatable, provided the patient has access to the resources of talk therapy and medication, there is no reliable way to prevent depression. However, neuroscientist and entrepreneur Rebecca Brachman has identified a drug that may help increase the brain’s resistance to the kind of stress that can lead to depressive symptoms.

The discovery came when Dr. Brachman and her team were working with laboratory mice that had been given the drug ketamine, which is used to address severe depression. When placed into another study testing resistance to stress, these same mice were immune to the depressive symptoms that researchers expected from animals put through significantly stressful situations. This occurred even though the mice were weeks out of their ketamine regimen.

Dr. Brachman is currently working on translating this discovery into the development of a drug that physicians can use to prevent depression in persons going into stressful situations. While recipients of the drug will not be immune to the stress itself, the drug may enable faster recovery.

A Handful of the Must-See Attractions for Travelers in Naples

Museo Archeologico Nazionale pic

Museo Archeologico Nazionale
Image: cir.campania.beniculturali.it

Dr. Christie Mensch provides comprehensive adult mental health services through the Wyandot Center in Kansas City, Kansas. Recreationally, Christie Mensch enjoys traveling throughout Europe and is especially fond of Italy’s Campania region. Naples, the largest city in Campania, has a rich history for visitors to explore.

The best way to get acquainted with this history is through a visit to the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, which holds many of the antiquities recovered from Pompeii. In addition, the museum houses a great deal of art from the collections of former kings of Naples, as well as pieces from local palaces.

Another interesting attraction is Castel Nuovo on the south side of the Piazza del Municipio. This structure served as a home for kings and viceroys and its architecture points to the Spanish, Austrian, French, and Aragonese influences in the region. The castle dates back to 1279, when it was built by Charles I of Anjou.

Palazzo Reale, located on the east side of Piazza del Plebiscito, formerly served as the residence of the Bourbon kings. Its façade features marble statues of eight kings who ruled over Naples. The palace also connects to Teatro San Carlo, the premier opera house of Italy and one of Europe’s largest theaters.